NIOS Class 12 Exam Pattern 2022: Topic-wise Weightage, Marking Scheme and Preparation Tips

NIOS Class 12 Exam Pattern would be released soon by the open school for 2022-23 exams. There are a total of seven subjects in Class 12 of which 5 are compulsory and 2 subjects are optional. Candidates can choose the optional subjects from the list released by NIOS. Every subject carries a total of 100 marks including practical, theory, and internal assessments. Candidates are required to secure a minimum of 33% marks in each subject to pass the exam. Also, the aggregate marks shall be 33% or above.

As of now the board has concluded the practical exam and started the theory exam.

This year, the number of Multiple Choice Questions has been increased for all subjects

The practical exam will be conducted for 30 marks and the internal assessment will carry 10 marks.

NIOS Class 12 syllabus is expected to be released soon on the official website of NIOS.

NIOS Class 12 Exam Pattern 2022

NIOS Class 12 exam pattern will be available on the official website. The total time allotted for every subject is 3 hours (for theory exam). The optional paper like Mass Communication and Painting will be conducted for less marks. The detailed exam pattern has been mentioned below:

Subjects Marks Time duration
Commerce (Business studies) 100 3 hours
Home Science 100 3 hours
Accountancy 100 3 hours
Sociology 100 3 hours
Chemistry 80 3 hours
Geography 80 3 hours
English 100 3 hours
History 80 3 hours
Mass Communication 80 3 hours
Painting 30 1 hour and 30 minutes

NIOS Class 12 Exam Pattern – Marking Scheme

The subject wise marking scheme for NIOS Class 12 are as follows-


Sections Marks
Prescribed texts 20 Marks
Functional Grammar 15 Marks
Functional writing skills 25 Marks
Comprehension (unseen passages) 20 Marks


Topics Marks
Motion, force, and Energy 14
Electricity and Magnetism 14
Properties of Matter 8
Optics and Optical Instruments 8
Atoms and Nuclei 7
Semiconductors and their Applications 7
Heat and Thermodynamics 6


Chapters Marks
Complex Numbers & Quadratic Equations 10
Determinants & Matrices 10
Permutations & Combinations 8
Sequences & Series 8
Trigonometry 10
Coordinate Geometry 10
Differential Calculus 17
Integral Calculus 17


Chapters Marks
Atom Molecule and Chemical Arithmetics 7
Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding 12
States of Matter 12
Chemical Energetics 8
Chemical Dynamics 8
Chemistry of Elements 10
Chemistry of Organic Compounds 12


Chapters Marks
Diversity and evolution of life 6
Cell, Cell functions, and Tissues 10
Functional morphology and Life processes in animals 11
Reproduction and Development 10
Heredity and Genetics 10
Population Explosion and Family Planning 4
Environmental Biology 8

Business Studies

Chapters Marks
Introduction to Business 16
Business as a Career 8
Trade and Service Activities 16
Management of Business 16
Financing of Business 12
Marketing 12

NIOS Class 10 Exam Pattern 2022

In NIOS Class 10 syllabus there are five compulsory subjects and one optional subject. The subjects have been divided into two groups i.e. Group A and Group B. In Group A there are compulsory and optional language papers including English Language and Literature. Candidates have to choose any other language paper apart from English. The details description is mentioned below:

Groups Subjects
English, Bengali, Telugu, Gujarati, Kannada, Nepali, Assamese, Marathi, Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Malayalam, Odia, Arabic, Persian, and Tamil.
Mathematics, Science and Technology, Social Science, Economics, Home ScienceIndian Culture and Heritage, Data Entry Operations, Psychology, Accountancy, Painting, Business Studies, and Data Entry Operations.

NIOS Class 10 Marking Scheme 2022

Every subject in NIOS Class 10 syllabus has been classified into various parts. The board has stated the marks for each part in every subject. For example, in English Language and literature there are four sections- Reading, Writing, Grammar, and Literature. For the reading and writing sections the marks assigned in 15 and 25 marks respectively. For the other two sections i.e. Grammar and Literature there are 30 marks each. A detailed description of the marking scheme is mentioned below:

Subject Marking scheme
English Reading: 15 marks
Writing: 25 marks
Grammar: 30 marks
Literature: 30 marks
Mathematics Knowledge: 25 marks
Understanding: 42 marks
Application: 10 marks
Skills: 8 marks
Practicals: 15 marks
Social Science  Knowledge: 30 marks
Understanding: 48 marks
Application: 14 marks
Skill: 8 marks
Economics Knowledge: 30
Understanding: 50
Application: 20
Business Studies Knowledge: 30
Understanding: 50
Application: 20
Home Science Knowledge: 25 marks
Understanding: 42 marks
Application: 10 marks
Skills: 8 marks
Practicals: 15 marks
Psychology Knowledge: 30 marks
Understanding: 50 marks
Application: 20 marks
Indian Culture and Heritage Knowledge: 30 marks
Understanding: 50 marks
Application: 20 marks
Accountancy Knowledge: 20 marks
Understanding: 50 marks
Application: 20 marks
Painting Knowledge: 10 marks
Understanding: 15 marks
Application: 5 marks
Practical: 30 marks
Data Entry Operations Theory: 40 marks
Practicals: 60 marks

NIOS Class 12 Preparation Tips

NIOS Class 12 exams are one of the most important milestones. As there are no regular classes conducted by NIOS it becomes tough to study and manage the syllabus. However, the open school has made the exam pattern and sample papers available on the website but candidates still need to figure out the exact approach for the board exam. Some of the important tips for NIOS Class 12 exam are as follows:

Follow Sample Paper:

NIOS has released the sample papers for all subjects on its official website. Candidates are suggested to practice from the sample paper so that they can understand the structure of paper and the course.

Study from NIOS-published textbooks:

It is also a tough task to figure out which book will be suitable for NIOS exams. NIOS published their own study material for all the subjects. Candidates are suggested to study from that same resource only. However, for more practice NCERT textbooks can be used.

Prepare a Time Table:

Time Table is one of the most important parts of a preparation strategy. Candidates should make time slots so that they can cover each and every subject properly and equally. Stick to the timetable and do not procrastinate on any task or topic.

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