1. How many key ethics in sports?
Ans. a) 4
2. Suryanamaskar has how many poses?
Ans. b) 12
3. YMCA was founded by:
- H.C. Buck
- C.H. Buck
- None of the above
Ans. d) None of the these
4. Ramayan and Mahabharat are related to which historical aage ?
Ans. b) Epic
5. The combination of all three bandhes (Jalandhar, Uddiyan, Mool bandha) is known as :
- Poorna Bandha
- Poorak Bandha
- None of the above
Ans. c) Mahabandha
6. Which one of the following factors does not affect the quality of life ?
- Individual differences
Ans. d) Spirituality
7. Give 2 definitions of motivation.
- According to B.F. Skinner, “Motivation in school learning involves arousing, persisting, sustaining and directing desirable behavior.”
- According to Woodworth, “Motivation is the state of the individual which disposes him to certain behavior for seeking goal.”
8. Tell 2 physical changes during adolescent period.
Ans. The physical transformations observed during adolescence are, in most cases, the result of hormonal changes as the teenager’s body is transformed from child to adult. This phase, called puberty, starts between the ages of 9 and 16 and usually ends between the ages of 18 and 22. Puberty occurs at different times for everyone. The sexual hormones are responsible for these physical changes; a boy’s body produces more testosterone while a girl’s body produces more estrogen.
Physical changes observed in both girls and boys include growth spurts, increased perspiration, acne problems and appearance of pubic and underarm hair.
9. Write briefly on 2 types of Pranayam.
- Kapalbhati pranayama
‘Kapal’ means skull and Bhati means to shine. Thus, Kapalabhati is such pranayama whose practice revives the actions of the head and brain. It also helps in awakening the Kundalini Shakti.
- Benefits of Kapalbhati:
Useful in weight loss, improving skin, preventing hair from whitening, reducing asthma, reducing mucus, treating sinusitis, improving digestion, enhancing lung capacity, removing the complaints of constipation, etc.
Nadisodhan Pranayama is also called Anulom-Antonym. In this pranayama, you breathe through the left nasal cavity, hold the breath, and then slowly exhale through the right nostril and vice versa.
- Benefits of Nadisodhan Pranayama:
Reducing anxiety and stress, Increase Concentration and peace, peace, impart a free flow of energy in the body, Strengthen the immune system.
10. Describe the poses in Suryanamaskar.
- Pranamasana, Prayer Pose :- This is the first of the 12 Surya Namaskar poses. This is done as a gesture of greeting and respect to the sun. It is the ‘Namaste’ that the people do in India as a way to greet.
- Hasta Uttanasana, Raised Arms Pose :- The next pose in the Surya namaskar yoga is the raised arms pose.
- Pada Hastasana, Standing Forward Bend Pose:- This is the third pose and is performed as Bend forward to touch your toes with your fingers, keep the knee straight or slightly bent.Press the heels into the ground so that the bodyweight is evenly distributed.If you are unable to touch your toes with your fingers, bend your knees while keeping the spine straight.
- Ashwa Sanchalanasana, Lunge Pose:- To perform this Breathe in and take the right foot forward. The foot should be between the hands and the knee bent. Bring the left knee down to the ground with the leg stretched behind. Press the hips and lookup
- Astanga Namaskara, Eight Limbed Pose :- It is a salutation using 8 parts. Exhale and bring the knees to the floor.Place your chin on the floor keeping the hips in the air. The hands, knees, chest, and chin have to be on the ground and the hips in the air.
- Bhujangasana, Cobra Pose:- In this pose The Midsection and the legs are on the ground.The palms should be next to the chest. Breathe in and raise the upper body using the hands. The head and trunk should resemble a cobra with a raised hood.
- Adho Mukha Svanasana, Downward Dog Pose:- Move from the previous pose to this by ,Placing the heels on the ground and the palms on the floor .Keeping the hips elevated upwards making an inverted V.
- Ashwa Sanchalanasana, High Lunge Pose:- To perform this Breathe in and take the right foot forward. The foot should be between the hands and the knee bent. Bring the left knee down to the ground with the leg stretched behind. Press the hips and lookup
- Pada Hastasana, Standing Forward Bend:- Breathe in and bring both the feet together.Keep the position of the hand the same as before and exhale slowly. Exhale and bend the torso to go to this pose.
- Uttana Hastasana, Raised Arms pose:-The hands should be raised above and the spine stretched.The palms should be on the ground and knees bent.Look towards the ceiling and the biceps should be next to the ears as in the second asana.
- Pranamasana, Prayer Pose:- This is the last of theSurya namaskar steps.Breathe out and stand in a relaxed manner.Hold the palms in front of the chest lowering the arms. This completes the Surya namaskar.
11. What is special seeding in tournaments ?
Ans. Seeding: Seeding is a process by which good teams are fitted in fixture in such a way that stronger teams do not meet each other in earlier rounds. This seeding method is only possible if the standard of the teams is known beforehand. This method is applied to keep up the interest of spectators alive till the last match. On account of their previous performances these teams or players are kept in separate halves.
Further it is well known in advance that some of the top ranking players or teams are generally drawn in fixture in such a way that they are fitted straight away into the quarter finals. This is known as special seeding method. Though this arbitrary method of drawing fixture may be felt as unfair it is desirable to keep the interest sustained in the tournament. Example: Fixture Seeding: Number of teams = 11; Bye = 16 – 11 = 5 byes So 4 seeded teams shall be given byes and 5th bye would go to any other team. Special Seeding: Number of teams = 20;
Teams in each quarter = 20/4 = 5 teams Last year semifinalists are given special seeding or 4. top rankings.
12. Describe the three different Asana with its importance?
- Sarvangasana is “all parts”. The asana involves the entire body and revitalises it. It involves the thyroid gland and stimulates metabolism, protein synthesis, and blood circulation.
- Naukasana Or Boat Pose :- This is one of the easy asanas. This asana stretches the abdominal muscles and it improves digestion and reduces belly fat.
13. Write points each on social and spiritual aspects of physical education.
- Spiritual Aspects – Pupils develop their knowledge and understanding of the body’s performance when exercising; this leaves pupils amazed at the body’s ability. This is also linked to the Christian value ‘Endurance’, as pupils have to show endurance when exploring the body’s capabilities.
- Social Aspects – Increased confidence, peer acceptance, leadership skills, and empathy; these are just four of the social benefits children receive from sports and physical activity. These four benefits can have a significant effect on a child’s health, happiness, and future.
14. Explain the role of aerobic and anaerobic exercises in enhancing the performance.
- Aerobic exercises
Aerobic exercises are endurance-type exercises in which a person’s muscles move in a rhythmic and coordinated manner for a sustained period.
People refer to these exercises as aerobic because they require oxygen to generate energy. Aerobic exercises increase a person’s heart rate and breathing rate to supply more oxygen to the body’s muscles.
- Anaerobic exercises
Anaerobic exercises are those that involve short, intense bursts of physical activity.
These exercises are anaerobic because they do not involve an increase in the absorption and transportation of oxygen. During anaerobic exercise, the body breaks down glucose stores in the absence of oxygen, leading to a buildup of lactic acid in the muscles.
15. Outline 4 aspects of School Health Programme.
- Health appraisal of school children & personal.
- Remedial measure & follow up.
- Prevention of communicable diseases.
- Healthful environment.
16. Describe four functions of healthy food.
- It provides energy to do work and to maintain body heat. We get energy provided by food, through carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
- It provides material for the growth of the body.
- It provides materials for the repair of damaged cells and tissues of our body. Every person, whether growing or not is going through a continual repair process of replacing injured or dead cells. Food supplies the nutrients necessary for the process.
- It regulates body processes to maintain life. Water, vitamins and minerals in the food help regulate breathing, the nervous system, digestion, blood circulation, and elimination of waste products from the body.
17. What are micronutrients?
Ans. Micronutrients include vitamins and minerals. They’re critical for several important functions in your body and must be consumed from food.
18. What do you mean by Mudra.
Ans. MUDRA, which stands for Micro Units Development & Refinance Agency Ltd., is a financial institution set up by Government of India for development and refinancing of micro units enterprises.
19. Describe any two senses used in imagery.
- Tactile imagery appeals to our sense of touch. From the softness of cashmere to the biting cold of a December night, good tactile imagery helps readers to feel that they are part of the scene, and makes the characters’ experiences more relatable.
- Olfactory imagery appeals to our sense of smell. Don’t underestimate what the power of a good aromatic description can do—science tells us that smell is one of our strongest links to the past. So if you’re writing a scene about food, for example, be sure to use descriptive words that will have your readers’ mouths watering.
20. Describe the 4 dimension of quality of life.
- Performance: Primary operating characteristics of a product, such as signal coverage, audio quality, display quality, etc
- Features: Secondary characteristics, added features, such as calculators, and alarm clock features.
- Conformance: Meeting specifications or industry standards, workmanship (or) the degree to which a product’s design or operating characteristics match pre-established standards.
- Reliability: The probability of a product’s failing within a specified period of time.
21. Appraise 4 points on ethics in Sports.
Ans. Ethics in sport requires four key virtues: fairness, integrity, responsibility, and respect.
- All athletes and coaches must follow established rules and guidelines of their respective sport.
- Teams that seek an unfair competitive advantage over their opponent create an uneven playing field which violates the integrity of the sport.
- Similar to fairness, in that any athlete who seeks to gain an advantage over his or her opponent by means of a skill that the game itself was not designed to test demonstrates a lack of personal integrity and violates the integrity of the game. For example, when a player fakes being injured or fouled in soccer, he or she is not acting in a sportsmanlike manner because the game of soccer is not designed to measure an athlete’s ability to flop. Faking is a way of intentionally deceiving an official into making a bad call, which only hurts the credibility of the officiating and ultimately undermines the integrity of the game.
- To be sportsmanlike requires players and coaches to take responsibility for their performance, as well as their actions on the field. This includes their emotions.
- Many times athletes and coaches will make excuses as to why they lost the game. The most popular excuse is to blame the officiating. The honorable thing to do instead is to focus only on the aspects of the game that you can control, i.e., your performance, and to question yourself about where you could have done better.
- All athletes should show respect for teammates, opponents, coaches, and officials.
- All coaches should show respect for their players, opponents, and officials.
- All fans, especially parents, should show respect for other fans, as well as both teams and officials.
22. What do you mean by ‘First – Aid’? Give only 2 points.
Ans. First aid is the first and immediate assistance given to any person with either a minor or serious illness or injury, with care provided to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, or to promote recovery.
- Preservation of life
- Prevention of illness or injury from escalating.
23. How does physical education help in emotional development.
Ans. There is a growing concern in general education and physical education about students’ emotional well-being. However, there is minimal literature addressing what emotional well-being is and how it can be developed in physical education. To examine these concerns, this article presents the following findings:
a review of relevant literature published in the area of physical education, the identification of proper terminology as applied to the field of emotional well-being, a definition of terms of emotional well-being, a discussion on the significance of developing emotional well-being, and a framework and practical strategies to develop students’ emotional well-being in physical education.
24. Write the 2 components of Health Related Physical Fitness.
- Cardiovascular endurance is the ability of the heart and lungs to work together to provide the needed oxygen and fuel to the body during sustained workloads. Examples would be jogging, cycling and swimming. The Cooper Run is used most often to test cardiovascular endurance.
- Muscular strength is the amount of force a muscle can produce. Examples would be the bench press, leg press or bicep curl. The push up test is most often used to test muscular strength.
25. What is contusion .
Ans. The medical term for a bruise is a contusion. Injuries to bones, muscles, and the tissue just under the skin can cause bruises. The eyes and mouth, as well as internal organs such as the lungs, can also bruise.